Hong Kong Island is an island in the southern piece of Hong Kong. It has a populace of 1,289,500 and its populace thickness is 16,390/km², starting 2008. The island had a populace of around 3,000 occupants scattered in twelve angling towns when it was involved by the United Kingdom in the First Opium War. In 1842 the island was formally surrendered in unendingness to the UK under the Treaty of Nanking and the City of Victoria was then settled on the island by the British Force out of appreciation for Queen Victoria. The Central range on the island is the recorded, political and monetary focus of Hong Kong. The northern shoreline of the island frames the southern shore of the Victoria Harbor, which is to a great extent in charge of the advancement of Hong Kong because of its profound waters favored by expansive exchange ships.