The Mackenzie Basin (famously and customarily known as the Mackenzie Country) is a circular intermontane bowl situated in the Mackenzie and Waitaki Districts, close to the focal point of the South Island of New Zealand. It is the biggest such bowl in New Zealand. Verifiably renowned principally for sheep cultivating, the inadequately populated range is presently likewise a famous tourism goal. The bowl was named in the 1850s by and after James Mckenzie (or in his local Scottish Gaelic: Seumas MacCoinneach), a shepherd and sheep hoodlum of Scottish cause, who crowded his stolen groups in what was then a region absolutely exhaust of any human residence, however Māori beforehand lived there intermittently. After his catch, the range was soon partitioned up amongst new sheep field stations in 1857.