Senado Square (Largo do Senado) is an open square in Macau. It is situated in the focal territory of the Macau Peninsula. Covering a territory of 3,700 square meters , this is one of the four biggest squares in Macau; the others being Praça do Centro Cultural, Praça do Lago Sai Van and Praça do Tap Seac. In 2005 it was recorded on UNESCO's World Heritage List as it structures part of the Historic Center of Macau. The square is so named as since Ming Dynasty (1368-1644) it has been before the Leal Senado Building. Amid the time of Portuguese control this is the place the neighborhood powers used to survey the troops on their introductions. In 1940, there was a statue of a Portuguese fighter named Mesquita in its middle. He was in charge of the passings of numerous Chinese fighters amid the dangers with the Qing Dynasty (1644-1911).